In less than two days, June 30, 2016 (PST) the newly-elected President of the Republic of the Philippines, the former mayor of Davao City in southern Philippines, no less than, Rodrigo Roa Duterte will finally take oath of office.
President Rody Duterte, “Digong” as fondly called by his supporters, will take the center-stage in front of millions of his supporters, followers, and advocates, to formally begin his six-year term as the president.
Hence, how vast the powers of being the president of such nation when poverty, graft & corruption, illegal drugs, crimes and more, are evident and are impalpable to resolve?
Nonetheless, the Constitution clearly provides and utterly describes the preeminence, power, and influence of the head of not only the executive department, but also the head of the government and head of state. As such let us review such powers vested to the highest position of the land;
One of the major powers of the president is the power of appointment. The president has the power to appoint the following:
Heads of executive departments
Ambassadors, public ministers, and consuls
Officers of the Armed forces
All other officers of the government (vested in him by the Constitution)
2nd major power is the power of control. This means he has control over all executive departments, bureaus, and offices.
3rd major power is his power as commander-in-chief of all the armed forces. As commander-in-chief, he may call out the armed forces to prevent or suppress lawless violence, invasion or rebellion. He may suspend the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus in case of rebellion, when the public safety requires. He may place the country or any part of the country under martial law.
The other powers of the president include the power to grant pardons, reprieves and commutations: and the power to remit fines and forfeitures, after conviction by final judgment.
The other powers, is the power to contract or guarantee foreign loans on behalf of the Republic of the Philippines, the power to sign a treaty or international agreement, also the power of the budget, the decision & approval for government’s national budget its estimated revenues and expenses for one fiscal year.
As stated above, the presidency, being the chief executive performs the functions as the head of state because he symbolizes the unity of the people and thus responsible on the day-to-day supervision on national bureaucracy.
He is the chief policy implementor because he oversees the entire national bureaucracy, which carries out the laws of the state. He is also the chief policy-maker because he originates many important laws passed by Congress including the national budget. He is the chief of party because he is the titular head of his political party.
By and large, he exercises a kind of presidential initiative through his annual SONA (state-of-the-nation address). He can perform the crisis leader on the basis of swift responds and decisive action to any domestic or international crisis. He cannot only be a strong leader but a popular leader too because of his ability to mobilize support that ensures the public to comply and cooperate with his administration.
[Source: Politics and Governance by Sen. Miriam Defensor-Santiago]