Why many care so much for a lighter and fairer skin? Some have even tried all the fairness solutions from creams, to soaps, to facial& body scrubs, to powders, and many more. Also, some are wasting a lot of money buying such products that promotes “fairness” but only contains harmful chemicals that bleach and damage the skin.
According to Dr. Susan C. Taylor, a Dermatologist and author of “Brown Skin”, African-Americans and others who are darker in skin tone, generally look younger than their lighter-skinned peers because of the higher levels of melanin in their skin.
She also added that the increased melanin protects those who have it from short-term damage from the sun, as well as the long-term signs of aging, such as age spots, deep wrinkles and rough texture.
Melanin is the natural substance that gives color or pigment to the skin, hair and iris of the eye. Melanocytes is the cells located just below the outer surface of the skin that produces the melanin.
The advantages of having a darker complexion is as follows: for photo protection and/or UV filtration, due to large amounts of melanin it can definitely protects the skin from the damaging impact of the sun.
Resistance – because the melanin offers resistance to heat or cold, as well as the activity of inorganic antimicrobial compounds.
Due to darkly pigmented skin it has a very low risk of skin cancer.
Interestingly, melanin acts as a free radical hunters and has been shown to protect against ‘Cryptococcus neoformans’, a parasite of the central nervous system, thus, protecting our nervous system.
Immunity against diseases – researches found out that melanin is known to protect against attack from diseases, by engulfing and killing invading micro-organisms.
Protection from bacterial infection – melanization patterns among different parts of the body including the sensitive areas (genitalia, throats and nasal passages) is not just to protect from exposure to sunlight but also require protection from unwanted bacteria.
Melanin guards the skin from long-term damage associated with aging like development of deep wrinkles, rough surface texture, and age spots (sometimes called liver spots) and so makes us look younger!