Similar to HIV/AIDS and climate change, the United Nations demands global concern as antibiotic resistance becomes currently one of the growing public health concerns worldwide.
The UN requires all countries the importance of addressing the issue to combat possible million deaths.
Antibiotic resistance occurs when an antibiotic has lost its ability to effectively kill bacterial growth, the bacteria become “resistant” and continue to multiply.
Antibiotics misuse and overuse have contributed to this phenomenon.
Health experts and political leaders from the health, agricultural, and economic sectors came at the UN summit on September 21, discussing technical and medical issues along with its development and political problems.
UN’s High-level meeting was also attended by member-states, non-governmental organizations, civil society, private sectors and academic institutions.
The primary objective is to summon and maintain strong national, regional and international political commitment in adding Antimicrobial resistance comprehensively and multi-sectorally, to increase and improve awareness of AMR.
According to WHO (World Health Organization) an estimated 480,000 people developed multidrug-resistant Tubercolosis (TB) in 2014.
Aaron Motsoaledi, Minister of Health of South Africa and Chair of the Stop TB Partnership stressed that drug resistant to TB requires both investment in new drugs and health care systems especially in developing countries, added that AMR is not the only emerging global problem but also their ability to address infectious diseases.
Lord Jim O’Neill, Chairman of the Review on AMR said that the incorrect use of antibiotics in both humans and farm animals is only contributing to the rapid increase in bugs.
O’Neill has also found out that if the problem is not systematically addressed 10 million people will die annually by the year 2050.